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What is an "Individualised Education Plan"? Exploring the Clinician's Perspective

What is an Individualised Education Plan (IEP)?

Individualised Education Plan at Total Communication Singapore

In the world of education, there exists a powerful tool, shrouded in mystery and tailored to unlock the full potential of students with special needs. It goes by the name of Individualised Education Plan, or IEP. Imagine a secret blueprint, meticulously crafted for each unique child, designed to meet their specific educational needs and propel them toward success.


But who holds the key to this extraordinary plan?

Collaboration of minds, a team assembled with purpose. Parents, teachers, and experts from the school system join forces, led by a skilled professional like a speech-language pathologist preparing an Individualised Education Plan

It is a collaboration of minds, a team assembled with purpose. Parents, teachers, and experts from the school system join forces, led by a skilled professional like a speech-language pathologist. Together, they embark on a journey of evaluation and progress monitoring, unraveling the intricate layers of the child's educational requirements.


IEPs extend their guiding light to various developmental, educational, and cognitive conditions. Whether it's autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or speech delay, an IEP holds the power to address the unique challenges faced by each individual. For instance, an IEP for a child with autism seeks to address their attention, communication, socialization, and essential life skills—key pillars for their growth and development (Richard & Veale, 2009).


In this realm of personalized education, the Individualised Education Plan stands as a beacon of hope, offering tailored support, and illuminating the path toward academic achievement and beyond. It is a testament to the unwavering dedication of those who believe in the boundless potential of every child.


What are the components of an Individualised Education Plan (IEP)?

An Individualised Education Plan (IEP) comprises several key components aimed at supporting the educational growth of a student. These components include intervention objectives and measurable objectives.


Intervention objectives form the foundation of an IEP, serving as yearly goals designed to guide the student's progress. Each objective is accompanied by practical intervention examples, demonstrating how the goal can be achieved. These objectives enable professionals, clinicians, parents, and educators to collaborate effectively in supporting the student's communication goals (Wilson & Lanza, 2017).


For instance, an intervention objective might be to utilize intentional social communication behaviors and words to interactively convey intentions to a listener.

Measurable objectives are another vital aspect of an IEP, focusing on specific achievements that can be objectively measured and thoroughly defined. These objectives provide clear targets for assessment.


Student listening to 1-3 paragraphs of text and subsequently answering questions about complex sentences and key vocabulary within the passage.

As an example, a measurable objective could involve the student listening to 1-3 paragraphs of text and subsequently answering questions about complex sentences and key vocabulary within the passage. The objective might specify achieving 80% accuracy during three consecutive lessons, as assessed by the speech therapist or classroom teacher.


By incorporating intervention objectives and measurable objectives, an IEP aims to provide a comprehensive framework for tailored educational support, facilitating the student's progress and development in a measurable and meaningful manner.


What purposes does an IEP serve?

IEPs are crucial because they track students’ progress against short-term SMART (specific, measurable, agreed, relevant, and timely) goals to encourage the achievement of long-term goals and assist educators in creating a learning program for individual students (Individual Education Plans (IEPs): The Importance of an Individual Education Plan | education.vic.gov.au, n.d.).


Information from the IEP is shared between the school, the students, the student's families, and other support personnel. For instance, clinicians such as speech pathologists, and educators such as teachers rely on the IEP to find suitable resources the student might need to reach their objectives.


Finally, IEP provides professional suggestions, educational tools, and interventions for each child. Examples of such support include visual schedules and activities in the classroom, audiobooks, and other materials that encourage student engagement and confidence.


Does Total Communication Therapy provide IEPs for our clients?

Total Communication - a therapy center in Singapore which provides unique Individualised Education Plan for every child that needs help.

At Total Communication Therapy Center, our team of clinicians provides IEPs depending on the needs of each client. For instance, some local and international schools in Singapore or the ASEAN region may require an IEP when accepting students with special needs; in other instances, an IEP is provided as part of our therapy treatment plans as the goals are usually similar in nature. If you are interested in the services our professional team offers with regard to IEPs, or any other inquiries, do reach out to us!





References:

Individual Education Plans (IEPs): The importance of an individual education plan | education.vic.gov.au. (n.d.). https://www2.education.vic.gov.au/pal/individual-education-plans-ieps/guidance/importance-individual-education-plan


Richard, G. J., & Veale, T. K. (2009). The Autism Spectrum Disorders IEP Companion.


Wilson, C. C., & Lanza, J. R. (2017). The SLP’s IEP Companion. Pro-Ed.

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