top of page
  • Writer's pictureDarren Low


Importance of Literacy Skills for School Readiness
A day of literacy in Singapore. School Readiness Programme

In our educational settings today, the importance of literacy skills for school readiness has grown drastically. The educators, parents, and caregivers, all share a common aspiration: to equip children with the skills and tools that are necessary for both academic and emotional growth. It's really about integrating them with the right set of mechanisms to navigate the complexities around them, both inside and outside the classroom. And, at the very core of this lies the nurturing of literacy skills right from the earliest stages of childhood—which sets the stage for a journey of lifelong learning and accomplishment.

Importance of literacy in early childhood

Recognising the significance of literacy in early childhood development is necessary, don't you think? You know, it's fascinating to see how research consistently underscores the profound impact of strong literacy skills—spanning reading, spelling, and writing—on a child's readiness for the challenges of school life. And beyond that, there's this undeniable correlation between literacy proficiency and a child's sense of self-assurance and positive self-perception, which, you know, really sets the stage for their overall well-being and success. It's like literacy acts as this gateway to knowledge, empowerment, and social mobility, offering boundless avenues for personal and academic growth.

So, what are the components of literacy that form the building blocks of early childhood education?

Let's get into the foundational skills that pave the way for literacy mastery and school readiness:

  1. Phonemic Awareness: At the core lies phonemic awareness—the ability to recognise and manipulate individual sounds, or phonemes, in spoken words. Mastery of letter-to-sound correspondences and decoding skills is needed for young learners as start to read. By teaching children how to blend, segment, and manipulate letter sounds, we help them to understand the mysteries of language and decode written text with confidence and ease.

  2. Vocabulary: Building a robust vocabulary is another important aspect of literacy development. A rich and diverse lexicon not only enhances a child's comprehension of text but also enriches their ability to express themselves articulately and creatively. Through exposure to a wide range of words and contexts, children expand their linguistic repertoire and deepen their understanding of the world around them.

  3. Oral Reading Fluency: The ability to read text accurately and fluently is a hallmark of proficient literacy skills. Oral reading fluency enables children to navigate through written passages with ease, demonstrating both accuracy and expression. As young readers gain confidence in their reading abilities, they develop a sense of fluency that enhances their overall comprehension and engagement with text.

  4. Reading Comprehension: Ultimately, the goal of literacy instruction is to foster reading comprehension—the ability to derive meaning from text. Comprehension encompasses a range of skills, from making inferences and drawing conclusions to summarizing and analysing information. By nurturing these higher-order thinking skills, we empower children to become active and critical readers who engage deeply with the text and extract valuable insights from their reading experiences.

Incorporating phonemic awareness activities into everyday learning experiences is truly simpler than one might imagine. You see, there are these five straightforward yet incredibly effective methods to foster phonemic awareness in our young learners:

5 easy ways to incorporate phonemic awareness in kids
  1. Substitution: It's about encouraging children to replace one sound with another in words they already know, like turning "cat" into "bat."

  2. Addition and Deletion: Children can be prompted to either add or remove sounds from words to form new ones, like adding "s" to "un" to make "sun," or taking away "b" from "ball" to create "all."

  3. Segmentation: This involves breaking words down into individual sounds and syllables, prompting children to identify each phoneme or syllable separately.

  4. Blending: Children are asked to blend individual sounds together to form complete words, like blending "c," "a," and "t" to produce "cat."

  5. Phoneme Manipulation: Here, children are challenged to manipulate individual sounds within words by adding, deleting, or substituting phonemes to generate new words.

The road to literacy starts with cultivating and nurturing the fundamental skills that stand as important pillars of early childhood education. By cultivating phonemic awareness, expanding vocabulary, enhancing oral reading fluency, and fostering reading comprehension, we empower children to learn and discover. Through deliberate and captivating literacy instruction, we have the opportunity to shape a generation of confident and proficient learners equipped to navigate the complexities of the contemporary world with adeptness and resilience.

Is your child ready to get on the journey toward literacy and school readiness alongside us? Schedule your appointment today to explore our School Readiness Programme further. Schedule a consultation with us to find you can get support for your child's educational journey every step of the way.

For inquiries and appointments, please reach out to us at +65 9115 8895, visit our website at, or connect with us via email at


bottom of page